The philosophy of history researches the logics and value perceptions of the models about the in-time patterns of occurrences, in other words the different approaches about history. Even the concept of ‘history’ indicates that the stories are not only interconnected by a chronological order of successiveness, but also by some sort of explanatory, universal logic.
The philosophy of history researches the questions ‘What is every story about in general?’ and ‘What is the reason of occurrences?’. The answer is a fundamental narration which is the framing story (context) of all other stories (episodes). Without such narration life would fall apart into unrelated episodes and all episodes would fall apart into unrelated moments. The rejection of ‘history’ is the rejection of mankind’s ‘common faith’ and the ‘meaning of life’ (the desire for values and the search for values). Therefore ‘history’ is rejected only in exceptional cases (e.g. by those against change, by the defenders of ‘status quo’), it is rather that the different versions of the framing story are debated. Nevertheless, a universally comprehensive narrative is both methodologically and politically problematic.
George Alexander Sveinn